πŸ– Problem gambling worldwide: An update and systematic review of empirical research (–)

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Problem gamblers made significant use of these processes suggesting the TTM model is applicable to problem gambling. The discussion focuses on possible.


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The leading gambling- related issues member regulators work on are consumer protection, problem gambling and the regulation of gambling product marketing.


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8 Types of Problem Gamblers

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All journal articles featured in International Gambling Studies vol 20 issue 1.


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The report covers issues such as: β€’ the international prevalence of rates of problem gambling,. β€’ factors influencing the prevalence and incidence of problem​.


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Author. Corney, R., and Davis, J. (). 'The attractions and risks of Internet gambling for women: A qualitative study'. Journal of Gambling Issues, Retrieved.


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The leading gambling- related issues member regulators work on are consumer protection, problem gambling and the regulation of gambling product marketing.


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The report covers issues such as: β€’ the international prevalence of rates of problem gambling,. β€’ factors influencing the prevalence and incidence of problem​.


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The empirical studies conducted worldwide since on adult gambling and problem gambling demonstrate that there are many countries that have never carried out studies on gambling behavior. However, it was also noted by Lansoo and Niit that a large proportion of the risk groups had no regular income at all e. However, there are 21 European countries that have not carried out any empirical research on adult gambling i. In addition, This study also showed that younger age, male gender, and unemployment were significantly associated with problematic gambling. The highest rate of problem gambling was found among the 25β€”year age group 4. Moreover, 0. For countries that had prevalence data for problem gambling at both regional and national level, only national data were considered. The results showed that 1.

Problem gambling has been identified as an emergent public health issue, and there is gambling issues international need to identify gambling trends and to regularly update gambling issues international gambling prevalence rates.

Pathological gambling https://al-blok3.ru/gambling/gambling-support.html problem gambling were higher among men 5. The sample comprised 2, individuals aged 15β€”64 years. However, it is difficult to directly compare studies due to different https://al-blok3.ru/gambling/red-or-black-gambling.html procedures, instruments, cut-offs, and time frames.

The rate of at-risk gambling gambling issues international 1. These studies demonstrated that there are wide variations in past-year problem gambling rates across different countries in the world 0.

The remainder of this review focuses on studies carried out in Europe. The findings showed that The prevalence of problem gambling reported using a combination of the SOGS threshold for potentially pathological with the PGSI problem gambling was 1.

Two gambling prevalence surveys have been conducted in the Netherlands.

The sample comprised 10, adults aged 16β€”65 years. Moreover, 3. The results indicated that 2. The rate for prevalence for substantial problems was 0. Pathological gambling was only found among men 1. In the same study, respondents were also screened for gambling problems using the multiple response version of DSM-IV. Problem gambling prevalence rate as assessed by the PGSI was 0. The most popular gambling activities among adults were the Lotto, scratch tickets, and gambling machines. The present review considers the combined rate of problem and pathological gambling, as many studies merge problem gambling with pathological gambling e. Problem gambling was assessed using the PGSI. In this study, 15, individuals aged between 15 and 75 years participated. Therefore, Asia and Europe appear to be the continents that show the greatest variations in past-year problem gambling prevalence rates. Three studies were conducted in North America, one in South America, 10 in Asia, five in Oceania, four in Africa, and 46 in Europe, comprising a total of 30 countries. In both surveys, the prevalence of problem gambling was higher among men and individuals aged between 16 and 24 years. A prevalence survey on adult gambling behavior was conducted in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a Muslim part of the country. Pathological gambling was more prevalent among males The study reported a past-year pathological gambling prevalence rate of 0. A total of 0. Therefore, the present paper attempts to fill this gap and provides a brief country-by-country analysis of the evidence of gambling and problem gambling, and associated demographics in alphabetical order. To date, there have been two other reviews concerning gambling in Europe i. In addition, problem gamblers were mainly male To determine the prevalence rate of problem and pathological gambling, an instrument containing 19 items was used, and with one exception withdrawal symptoms , two items each assessed one DSM-IV criterion of pathological gambling. Problem gambling prevalence was 0. A systematic literature search was carried out using academic databases, Internet, and governmental websites. It may also be noted that some variations in problem gambling prevalence rates occur across different continents. There have been two gambling prevalence surveys among the Estonian population aged between 15 and 74 years. In , data were obtained from 14, individuals aged 16 years and over. The overall problem gambling prevalence rate was 0. The results showed that the past-year prevalence of problem gambling among adults was 0. With regard to socio-demographic characteristics, problem gamblers were more likely to be male Extrapolating these results to the French population, 0. In this sample, 0. The prevalence of problem gambling was 0. More recently, another study was conducted by Olason, Hayer, Brosowski, and Meyer with 1, individuals aged 18β€”74 years. The activities most played were lottery games With regard to problem gambling, 2. This paper aims to review recent research on adult gambling and problem gambling since and then, in the context of a growing liberalization of the gambling market in the European Union, intends to provide a more detailed analysis of adult gambling behavior across European countries. The findings highlight the need for continuous monitoring of problem gambling prevalence rates in order to examine the influence of cultural context on gambling patterns, assess the effectiveness of policies on gambling-related harms, and establish priorities for future research. Despite the variability among instruments, some consistent results with regard to demographics were found. This paper does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. The prevalence of problem gambling using the SOGS was 1. Previous systematic reviews are now either outdated e. Problem gambling was more prevalent among men 2. For most individuals, gambling is an enjoyable and harmless activity. In the next section, a more detailed picture of gambling and problem gambling in Europe is presented. Another national survey was carried out by Olason and Gretarsson and comprised a sample of 3, respondents who completed the item version of the DIGS alongside questions examining gambling participation. Problem gambling using the SOGS was 0. The survey also reported that being male, being aged between 18 and 29 years, being unmarried or divorced, and not having any children contributed to an increased likelihood of experiencing gambling-related problems. Inclusion and exclusion criteria: The goal was to locate all prevalence studies that were conducted at a national level. Consequently, the aim of the present review is to present an update of recent international research published since for problem and pathological gambling prevalence rates among adults irrespective of data quality to highlight both countries that have carried out robust prevalence surveys and those that have not, with a particular emphasis on European countries as no recent review has done this. However, in the case of countries where no national prevalence study data exist, regional studies with representative samples were included. In , data were obtained for 5, individuals aged 16 years and over. Pathological gambling was significantly lower among unmarried individuals 0. Thus, there is a need for conducting more systematic reviews in order to synthesize the disordered gambling trends and to analyze the comparative prevalence of problem gambling rates across different countries. Despite the lack of research in some countries, the findings demonstrate that 0. In addition, the findings showed that men, single individuals, and those who had only finished primary education were more at risk for developing problem gambling. The results showed that the prevalence of problem gambling was 2. Two gambling prevalence studies have been carried out in Italy i. The results indicated that 0. This survey used the PGSI to assess problem gambling, and 25, individuals aged 15β€”75 years participated. In the survey, the respective percentages were 3. Among the participants, 0. Among active players, 3. In fact, Europe is mainly regulated by the European Internal Market, and is characterized by a standardized system of laws that apply in all member states and maintain common policies on various sectors Eising, At the same time, the European Union appears to be moving toward a more continued expansion of gambling characterized by the legalization and liberalization of gambling markets in the past few decades Kingma, Therefore, this variation of gambling patterns across European countries together with its expansion shows the need to provide prevalence estimates of problem gambling, as well as its associated demographics and other information available separately for each country. Moreover, the study also showed that there were more problem gamblers among higher income groups. A gambling prevalence survey was conducted in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, , with a random sample of 1, individuals aged 16 years and over. Past-year prevalence rates in Denmark were 0. A recent systematic review on adolescent gambling surveys using the same method presented here was recently published by Calado, Alexandre, and Griffiths Additional published prevalence studies were sought via the Internet, more specifically through governmental websites, and through other reviews already available in the literature. In a first step, 92 studies were identified after a careful examination of the titles and abstracts of the studies generated by the search on the aforementioned databases and on the Internet. According to this survey, the most popular gambling activities were lottery and other number draw games The prevalence of problem gambling SOGS 3β€”4 was 1. Following this search and utilizing exclusion criteria, 69 studies on adult gambling prevalence were identified. The sample comprised 1, participants aged 16β€”75 years Jonsson, The total lifetime prevalence rate for problem gambling was 0. A study carried out by Druine, Delmarcelle, Dubois, Joris, and Somers examined adult gambling behavior with a representative sample of 3, Belgians, aged 16β€”99 years. The results showed that a total of 1. According to this survey, the NODS showed a lifetime prevalence of pathological gambling at 0.